Issue N# 3 - 2009
A schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve presenting as a malignant tumour of the oral floor
Authors : Fakhry N, Turner F, Duflo S, Giovanni A, Zanaret M. (Marseille)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2009;130,3:189-191.
Article published in english
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Objectives: We describe a case of an unusual schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve presenting clinically as a malignant tumour of the floor of the oral cavity. Case report: A 77 year-old woman presented with a bulky tumour located between the left anterior floor of mouth and the ventricular portion of the tongue. The tumour was ulcerated, painful and presented with a necrotic aspect. Neurological examination revealed a mild left hemiparesis of the tongue. MRI and CT showed a circumscribed tumour with a broad necrotic centre. The patient underwent a transoral excision of the tumour under general anaesthesia. Conclusion: Schwannomas are generally managed by complete surgical excision but they can mimic primary or metastatic cancer in the head and neck, preoperative diagnosis is therefore necessary to avoid a wide excision.
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