Issue N# 4 - 2011
Total pharyngolayngectomy in the 21st century: Indications, oncologic and functional outcomes
Authors : Agopian B, Dassonville O, Chamorey E, Poissonnet G, Pierre S, Peyrade F, Hebert C, Benezery K, Viel D, Sudaka A, Vallicioni J, Demard F, Santini J, Bozec A. (Nice)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2011;132,4:209-214.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Introduction: The development of laryngeal preservation protocols has considerably modified the indications for total (pharyngo-)laryngectomy (TPL). The objectives of our study are to analyze the current indications for TPL and to evaluate the oncologic and functional outcomes after TPL and their predictive factors. Methods: All patients who underwent TPL for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx or hypopharynx, at our institution, between 2000 and 2009, were included in this retrospective study. Predictive factors of oncologic and functional outcomes were assessed in univariate and multivariate analyzes. Results: A total of 130 patients were enrolled in our study including 119 men and 11 women, with a mean age of 65.9 years. TPL was realized for salvage in 65 patients. Extra-laryngeal tumor extension (n= 42) was the main indication for TPL in the 65 remaining patients. Overall survival was 49 and 41% at 3 and 5 years respectively. In multivariate analysis, primary tumor site (hypopharynx in comparison to larynx; p= 0.04) has a significant pejorative impact on overall survival. Oral alimentation (no enteral nutrition) was recovered successfully by 94% of the patients. In multivariate analysis, primary tumor site (hypopharynx) has a significant pejorative impact on functional results (deglutition: p< 0.0001; phonation: p= 0.03). Conclusion: Primary tumor site is one of the main predictive factor of oncologic and functional outcomes after TPL.
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