Issue N# 5 - 2009
Cataract surgery and its impact on balance and autonomy in elderly
Authors : Raynal M, Aupy B, Jahidi A, Ettien D, Le Page P, Briche T, Kossowski M, Pailllaud E. (Clamart)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2009;130,5:273-280.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Purpose: Cataract is a major cause of visual impairment among elderly. Cataract surgery improves visual afferencies and can have an impact on balance. The present study assessed the impact of cataract surgery upon balance and autonomy in elderly. We realized clinical examinations and objective tests the day before surgery and 2-months later. Methods: The initial cohort consisted of 66 patients that had to undergo a cataract surgery. Their mean age was 79 ± 0.5. For logistic reasons, only 33 patients have been completely evaluated before and after surgery. Each patient underwent a history and examination that have assessed autonomy, walking, visual and then cochleo-vestibular functions including bone vibratory test and dynamic computerized posturography (Equitest). Results: After 2 months, cataract surgery had no incidence on balance. The fear of falling has stayed the same whereas the number of falls has been noticeably reduced by surgery. The overall score of Equitest has shown an increase in visual dependence after surgery. Although cataract surgery has no incidence on autonomy, it may improve the quality of life among older people by leisure activities recovery. Conclusion: An early physical rehabilitation facilitated by visual improvement after surgery can also prevent visual dependence and autonomy loss. We recommend vestibular rehabilitation in elderly with major visual dependence.
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