Issue N# 4 - 2012
Cervicofacial cellulitises of dental origin: Etioepidemiological and therapeutic aspects
Authors : Lawson Afouda S, Avakoudjo F, Alamou S, Hounkpatin SHR, Satowakou M, Hounkpè YYC, Adjibabi W. (Cotonou)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2012;133,4:197-200.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Objectives: Cervicofacial cellulitises are dominated by dental affections. The aim of this study is to describe etioepidemiological and therapeutic aspects of cervicofacial cellulitis of dental cause at the CNHU-HKM in Cotonou (Benin). Methods: Itís a retrospective study from 1998 to 2007 included patients with inflammatory cervicofacial tumefaction of dental cause. A glycaemia, a HIV serology and a blood formula numeration are realized. Some patients practiced standard oral and dental radio. Patients were hospitalized and received mono, bi or triple antibiotic. Lancing with swab of pus for cytobacteriological and antibiogram examination was realized for some of patients. Dental cares were been systematic. Results: 68 cases whose 53 dental cause where been collected 77.94%. Bracket concern patients between 0-20 and 20-40 years old (64.15%). Males were more concerned. Dental traumatisms find again (18.88%), tooth decay (56.60%) and 24.53% patients practiced dental extraction. Anti inflammatory practiced by 67.92% patients associated to antibiotic in 41.51% cases. The three latest molar were concerned to 26 patients. Among those last 22 had attack of mandibular teeth. Treatment consisted in lancing drainage to 2/3 patients in 83.40% cases associated to tri antibiotic. Evolution has been favourable with recovery to 86.67%; 6 decreases to 13.33% cases. Conclusions: Cervicofacial cellulitises are dangerous, rapidly responsible of deceases by extension. A better oral and dental hygiene would improved prognosis.
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