Issue N# 3 - 2005
The outcome of treatments for carcinoma of the external auditory canal
Authors : S. Schmerber, Ch. Righini, E. Soriano, C. Delalande, G. Dumas, E. Reyt, J.-P. Lavieille (Grenoble)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2005;126,3:165-170.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Objective: A retrospective analysis of management and survival of patients treated for temporal bone carcinoma. Patients and methods: Thirty patients underwent treatment for carcinoma of the temporal bone. Twenty-five squamous cell carcinomas, 1 melanoma, 2 basocellular carcinomas and 2 adenoid cystic carcinomas were treated. Thirteen patients were treated before for the same disease. Results: Staging revealed 12 T1 and T2, 6 T3 and 12 T4 tumours. The mean follow up was 5 years (2-276 months). The Kaplan Meier survival curves showed survival rates at 2 years of 82%, 67% and 32%, and at 5 years of 82%, 67% and 17%, respectively for the stages T1 or T2, T3 and T4. At the end of follow up at 9 years the survival rates were 66%, 66% and 17% for the stages T1 or T2, T3 and T4 respectively. Overall stages a complete remission was found in 65% and 23%, and deceased was 35% and 77%, respectively for the primary treatment group and the salvage surgery group. Conclusion: Long term prognosis of the carcinoma of the external auditory canal mainly depends on the stage and primary treatment. Surgery (lateral temporal bone or subtotal temporal bone resection, both in combination with a neck dissection and a parotidectomy) and adjuvant radiotherapy is the treatment of choice for part of stage T1 and all T2 and T3 tumours. The improved survival (65%) of patients treated de novo compared with those treated with salvage surgery (23%) suggests that early referral and aggressive primary surgical treatment with postoperative radiotherapy offer the greatest chance of cure.
Running title: Carcinoma of the external auditory canal
Price : 10.50 €