Issue N# 3 - 2012
HEAD AND NECK SURGERY
Transoral surgical treatment of Eagle’s syndrome: Case report and review of literature
Authors : Santini L, Achache M, Gomert R, Mardassi A, Lafont B, Magnan J, Lavieille J-P, Devèze A. (Marseille)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2012;133,3:141-144.
Article published in english
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Eagle’s syndrome is a symptomatic abnormal length of the styloid process and/or a calcification of the stylohyoid ligament. Diagnosis is based on common pharyngeal symptoms and is confirmed by radiologic examination, more particularly CT-scan. Medical and surgical treatments are described. Medical treatment consists in repeated local anaesthetics, steroid infiltration or analgesics administration. It is purely symptomatic and has no long-term effectiveness. Surgical treatment remains the treatment of choice and consists of removal of the abnormal process. Both transoral and external approaches have been described. The advantages of the transoral approach is a shorter operative time, the absence of aesthetic prejudice and a lesser risk of neurovascular injury. Few post operative complications have been described (surgical cervical emphysema, cervical swelling, trismus and moderate breathing difficulty) but none of the studies reported neurovascular injury, deep cervical infection nor long-term complication. We present the technique, a case report and a review of the literature of the transoral approach.
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