Issue N# 2 - 2002
Oto-rhino-laryngology and geriatrics in the Ivory Coast.
Authors : G. Onzotto, V. Koffi-Aka, A. Yotio, F. Ehouo, B. Adjoua, M. Bamba (Brazzaville, Abidjan)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2002;123,2:119-124.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Geriatrics medicine develops more and more as a specialized branch of medicine. We report a prospective study of 69 cases of geriatric patients hospitalized in the ENT department of Treichville's teaching hospital from 1996 till 2001. The frequency of hospitalization was estimated at 6,5%. The cohort consisted of 48 males (69.5%) and 21 females (30.5%) with an overall average age of 66.5 years. The majority of the patients lived in the city of Abidjan (61%) with a low socio-economic level (54%). 50.7% were married and 75.4% lived in a housebold of several persons. The main lesions were at the level of the larynx (36.2%) and nose and sinuses (21.7%) cancers (52%) were more frequent. The patients were little dependant (84%), however 11.6% presented with psychological troubles. Associated pathologies were identifed in 18.8% of case. The age, dependence and pathology determined the average duration of stay and the mode of exit. Mortality, of tumoral cause (cancer of the larynx), was estimated at 11.6%. An improved service requires a mutli-disciplinary approach an ORL-based presentative programme and prospective multicentre studies.
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