Issue N# 5 - 2017
A study of the effects of the menopause on the voice of opera singers
Authors : Clarós P, Kuifo C, Clarós-Pujol A, Clarós A, Pujol C. (Barcelone)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2017;138,5:189-192.
Article published in french
Downloadable PDF document french
Objectives: To report our experience of the effects of menopause observed in women opera singers on the objective and subjective aspects of voice analysis. Materials and methods: We carried out a retrospective study from 2011 to 2017 on 64 women received in our clinic of otolaryngology in Barcelona. Included were postmenopausal women and opera singers. A control group consisted of 26 women, opera singers with a regular menstrual cycle, without hormone replacement therapy. Results: The mean age among postmenopausal women was 54.5 years and 32.4 years in the control group. Dryness of vocal cord was found in 78% of menopausal women, the mean fundamental frequency in the same group was 190.3 Hz. The mean maximum phonation time was 20.56 in the group of women with a normal menstrual cycle and 20.45 in the menopausal women group. Conclusion: The vocal parameter most affected by menopause is the decrease of the fundamental frequency. Changes in the vocal organ are also observed in videolaryngoscopy. In a professional singer these elements have an impact on the quality of the voice. However, it is difficult to establish the responsibility for natural aging of the voice in such changes.
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