Issue N# 1 - 2001
Fungal infections of paranasal sinuses.
Authors : B. Karci, D. Burhanoglu, T. Erdem, S. Hilmioglu, R. Inci, A. Veral (Izmir)
Ref. : Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol. 2001;122,1:31-35.
Article published in english
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Fungal infections can be mainly grouped into four types. The invasive forms are acute sinusitis (fulminant), chronic sinusitis (indolent), whereas the non-invasive forms are mycetoma and allergic fungal sinusitis. From December 1993 to December 1997, 27 cases of fungal sinusitis, 22 of which were noninvasive forms, and 5 of which were invasive forms, were treated and are presented in this study. When we classified the patients with fungal sinusitis, 11 were diagnosed as mycetoma, 9 as allergic fungal sinusitis, 3 as acute fulminant sinusitis and 2 as chronic indolent sinusitis, while 2 patients were not included in our four groups of sinusitis. In all mycetoma cases the active agent was Aspergillus. Patients with non invasive forms of sinusitis were all treated with endoscopic sinus surgery. 2 of the patients with invasive forms of sinusitis underwent maxillectomy and they were given Amphotericin-B. With a mean follow up of 20 months, only 3 recurrences were seen. The infection recurred in 2 patients with allergic fungal sinusitis and 1 patient with chronic invasive sinusitis. However, 2 patients with acute fulminant invasive sinusitis died before they were operated on, and 1 patient died postoperatively.
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